It installed a minor German prince (the nephew of the Russian tsar) as a ruler of the newly independent country.After a series of bloody and brutal Balkan Wars in which Bulgaria failed to annex Vardar Macedonia (which had a population that it considered to be ethnic Bulgarian), Bulgaria had the further misfortune to be an ally to the losing side in both World Wars.In the second half of World War II, it was occupied by the Soviet Union and became a People's Republic in 1946.
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Temperate on the coast; mild autumns, cool winters, mild springs and warm and breezy summers.
Mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast; highest point : Musala 2,925 m Bulgaria's territory was inhabited by the Thracians (famed for their gold-making, fierce warriors, and the gladiator Spartacus) for thousands of years before being conquered by the Macedonian Empire.
Thrace was subsequently incorporated into the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine (East Roman) Empire.
The first official data of Bulgaria is in the late 7th century (681 A.
D.), when Slavic and Bulgar tribes entered the Byzantine provinces of Thrace, Moesia, and Macedonia and together formed the Bulgarian Empire.
In succeeding centuries, the Bulgarian and Byzantine Empires dominated South-East Europe, but by the end of the 14th century, the region was overrun by the Ottoman Turks.Bulgaria was subjugated by the Ottoman Empire for five centuries.Bulgaria regained its independence in 1878 largely due to the intervention of the Russian Empire, who clipped the wings of the declining Ottoman Empire in Bulgaria and elsewhere.of Sofia, situated in the southern parts of the City on the foot of the Vitosha mountain. The district includes 7 neighbourhoods: Boyana; Simeonovo; Dragalevtsi; Pavlovo; Buxton; Manastirski Livadi and Knyazhevo as well as two villages Vladaya and Marchaevo.It is among the richest and greenest districts in Sofia and Bulgaria with many beautiful residences, houses, villas and residential complexes.It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, and Turkey to the southeast.